Gross income is the total sum of money that an individual, a company, or a contractor makes over a specific time period. Although it is normally calculated over twelve months, companies frequently publish their gross income on a quarterly basis.
Gross Income For Businesses
Gross income for a business is total revenue less the cost of goods sold. It excludes additional expenses related to running the company, such as wages, rental charges for offices and marketing equipment, advertising expenses, etc.
In addition to that, gross income shows the amount of money a company generates on goods and services after deducting the costs directly related to producing those goods or rendering those services.
Gross income can provide a more comprehensive picture of a company's fundamental financial performance and is useful for assessing its profitability.
Although it isn't necessary, it is occasionally included in an organization's revenue statement. Gross margin is another name for gross income.
Gross Income for Individuals
However, any individual gross income can differ in definition. The term "gross income" (sometimes known as "gross pay") refers to a person's total income, which includes wages, salaries, and additional sources of income like tips, capital gains, rental income, pensions, as well as interest income when are saying it in terms of individual pay.
Furthermore, gross income is determined annually and represents the individual's income prior to withholding and deductions. Before deductions, tax credits, and other adjustments, gross income is the place to start for calculating income taxes.
Employees may see two figures for gross income on their paychecks: federal taxable gross income and gross income. Typically, the federal taxable gross income is lower. This is due to the fact that a good portion of the money is withheld from the paycheck and isn't taxed.
For example, you can consider pre-tax 401(k) contributions, health savings accounts, health insurance premiums, and flexible spending accounts.
Calculations Gross Income
Example of an Individual Gross Income
Consider a person who makes $75,000 a year in salary, earns $1,000 in interest from the savings account, $500 in dividend payments, and $10,000 over twelve months in property income via rent. These sum up to about $86,500 in gross annual income. Alternatively, the person can estimate their gross monthly income to be around $7,200.
Now think of the same person paying $1,500 in rent, $450 in payments on education loans, and $300 toward an auto loan each month. For non-tax reasons, none of these three costs are included in determining gross income. A person's gross income solely takes their earnings into account.
Assume, for purposes of the person's federal income tax, that they have paid five hundred dollars in interest on student loans during the previous year.
Education loan interest is an above-the-line deduction that people can use to reduce their taxable income when they file their tax returns.
Hence, the calculation would be as follows: the individual's personal AGI will be calculated as the total sum of $86,000 less $500, assuming they made the same amount as they did last year.
Monthly Gross Income Calculations
Money generated by a company each month from selling a good or service, less the cost of the goods used to make the thing or service that was actually sold, is known as its "monthly gross income."
Before any taxes or other deductions are made, an employee's or a contractor's gross monthly income refers to the total amount paid within thirty days.
Typically, it appears on the paycheck as a line item. In addition to earnings and salaries, monthly gross income can come from sources like ownership interests in the company pension, investment income, and retirement income.
To calculate your yearly gross income, you will have to multiply the monthly gross income by twelve. If you have a yearly salary, you can calculate your gross monthly income by taking your annual salary plus any additional sources of income and dividing it by 12.
Example of Business Gross Income
Let's look at Apple's financial statement number to understand business gross income. For the three months ending March 2022, Apple's consolidated report of operations recorded total net sales of $97.278 billion. In addition to spending an extra $5.429 billion on services as a component of the firm’s cost of goods sold, the corporation invested $49.290 billion in manufacturing those products. By deducting its net sales from its total cost of products sold, Apple recorded a $42.559 billion gross profit.
In addition, Apple spent $5.1 billion on income taxes, $6.2 billion on general, selling, and administrative expenses, and $6.3 billion on research and development. These three costs are not included in the gross income calculation. Only net sales minus COGS are included in the company's gross income.
Net Income vs. Gross Income
Gross income (also known as gross profit) for a firm is the total revenue less the actual cost of the goods and services sold by the company. Net income, often known as "net profit," can be generally referred to as the sum of money left over after operational costs have been taken into account.
However, net income has a different definition altogether. The sum of money that goes into a person's pocket after withholdings or deductions is net income, often known as net pay or take-home pay. You can remember it this way: gross income almost always exceeds net income.
Revenue vs. Gross Income
Lastly, revenue is calculated against gross income. To calculate gross income with revenue present, you will have to follow the given procedure:
The earnings of a business through selling its products or services is known as "revenue" (sometimes referred to as "sales"). There are no additional considerations or subtractions made. After that, you can subtract the cost of products sold from the sales revenue to get gross income.